Students conduct a soil analysis to understand soil types and explore the relationship between the garden and healthy, fertile soil. Soil is a natural resource that is crucial to life on Earth. When managed properly, it supports a healthy soil food chain that is the basis for maintaining a functioning habitat that, in turn, makes the garden productive.
- Define concepts such as soil, soil composition, soil fertility, and weathering.
- Construct an argument to show the importance of soil as a natural resource
- Explain the impact of different soil types on a plant’s need for air and water.
- Analyze soil tests to determine the soil type and fertility of school garden soil.
- Conduct an experiment to analyze soil composition.
- Conduct an experiment to analyze soil fertility.
- Explain the difference between soil and dirt.
- Discuss the components of soil.
- Distinguish between soil particle size for sand, silt, and clay.
- Discuss where plants get the nutrients they need in order to grow.
- Explain how garden productivity can lead to healthy soil
- State reasons why it is important to identify soil type and fertility of a garden.
From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
LS1-5: Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of organisms.
Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
LS2-1: Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.
LS2-2: Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.
LS2-3: Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem.
ESS2-1: Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.
ESS2-2: Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.
Earth and Human Activity
SS3-1: Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geo-science processes.