Gypsy Moth

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GM tent

Gypsy Moth

Scientific Name

Lymantria dispar

Meet the Gypsy Moth
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Hero Frankie

The caterpillars of this moth are leaf-eating machines! They can completely strip every leaf off an oak tree and many other tree species.

Frankie Barker
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Gypsy Moth Field Guide
The Moth's Favorite Trees I

Gypsy moths feed on several types of birch trees. The outer bark of this paper birch is smooth, thin, and white. The paper birch grows along stream banks, lakeshores, and on the moist slopes of hills.

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These moths feed on over 100 species of trees, including oaks. Oak trees can grow to heights of 100 feet or more. Acorns are a good sign that you have spotted an oak tree!

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Sweetgum is also a favorite of gypsy moths. These trees have star-shaped leaves with 3-7 lobes and spiky fruit.

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Gypsy Moth art revise
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The Moth's Favorite Trees II

Aspen is another favorite of the gypsy moth. The big-tooth aspen has shiny leaves and a long petiole, which makes the leaves ripple easily in the wind.

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Gypsy moths can feed on over 100 species of plants, including oak trees like the one in this picture.

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Watch and Learn to Identify the Gypsy Moth!
Trees in Trouble I

The larvae or caterpillars chew holes in leaves. They are very efficient eaters and can strip trees of all their leaves in short periods of time.

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An egg mass can contain up to 1,000 eggs and is covered with tan-colored hairs. The masses can be found on trees, logs, and buildings. 

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Gypsy moth larvae feeding on leaves⁠—caught in the act!

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Trees in Trouble II

Entire trees can lose their leaves from hungry caterpillars!

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This is a forested area in summer that is recovering from a gypsy moth infestation.

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Gypsy moths have stripped this tree of all its leaves!

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Slow the Spread

Gypsy moths have an unlikely natural predator: A fungus, producing spores that stick to the caterpillar's fuzzy hairs. After the caterpillars die, the hairs drift away, carrying the spores to other caterpillars.

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fungus

Deer mice are an important native and natural enemy of the gypsy moth.

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Traps that smell like female moths attract the males. If there are male moths in the traps, scientists know that nearby trees are at risk of a gypsy moth invasion!

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Are you still curious about
the gypsy moth?

Click the button below to find more information and connect with the experts.

Gypsy moth larvae nest: Milan Zubrik, Bugwood.org.Adult: Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org.; Male and female: USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org.; Antennae: WJ Postma, Flickr.com.; Egg masses: Karla Salp, Washington State Department of Agriculture, Bugwood.org.; Larva: Ferenc Lakatos, University of Sopron, Bugwood.org.; Pupa: Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources - Forestry, Bugwood.org.; Birch: David Lee, Bugwood.org.; Acorns: Allen Bridgman, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Bugwood.org.; Sweetgum: RH, Flickr.com.Aspen: Vern Wilkins, Indiana University, Bugwood.org.; Oak tree: John Picken,  Flickr.com.Leaf holes: John Ghent, Bugwood.org.; Egg masses on tree trunk: Milan Zubrik, Forest Research Institute - Slovakia, Bugwood.org.; Moths feeding: Haruta Ovidiu, University of Oradea, Bugwood.org.; Defoliated tree: Ferenc Lakatos, Bugwood.org.; Defoliated tree, recovering trees: Wisconsin State Department of Agriculture, Flickr.com.; Deer mouse: Dave Cappaert, Bugwood.org.; Gypsy moth trap: Daniel Herms, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org.

 

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